Amber Valley MP Nigel Mills believes the Government was wrong not to extend restrictions on Romanian and Bulgarian immigrants as the first wave arrive in the UK.
As of January 1 citizens of both countries are free to live and work here after controls in place since 2007 expired.
Fears of a New Year’s Day rush of migration were unfounded however as early figures showed most Romanian and Bulgarians arriving on Wednesday already live and work in the UK.
But Conservative Mr Mills, who, led a campaign to keep the restrictions for a further five years, believes it will make job hunting harder in Amber Valley in the longer term.
He said: “Are we expecting bus loads of Romanian citizens to arrive at Ripley Market Place next week? No we are not.
“But it is likely to have a real effect round here because those people will move here for work.”
Unofficial figures estimate 50,000 Romanian and Bulgarian migrants could arrive each year.
Euro-sceptic Mr Mills, who admitted he would vote to leave the EU in a referendum , said the Immigration Bill Committee had managed to negotiate tighter rules on migrants receiving out-of-work benefits.
Overseas visitors and migrants are also to face new charges for some NHS services in England. But Mr Mills expects the debate over immigration to continue.
“We’ll see what the figures are like at the end of the year,” he said. “If those numbers are higher than anyone wants, I guess that’s the point the Government may change its mind.”