Amber Valley MP Nigel Mills is pushing for a change in the law which currently allows EU nationals coming to Britain to work to have child benefits paid to their children living back home.
Mr Mills, who is one of the nine MPs behind the move, said it was “ludicrous” that taxpayers’ money was being used for this.
A Private Members’ Bill was read in the House of Commons, which could see a change in the law.
Few such bills end up becoming law, but Tory Mr Mills said the move would “raise the profile” of the issue. He said: “We need to be paying benefits to people that are here and who contribute here.
“It just seems bizarre to pay them to those that aren’t.
“Everyone wants to help people look after their children and children’s benefits are hugely important but if the children aren’t here it’s not really our job.”
He said there would “still be the question of whether the European Court could just overrule” such a change if it were made law.
He added: “I think there is a good chance that the rules will be changed at some point, either through this Bill or through something else.
“I think it’s the sort of change that would have widespread support.”
There are eight Tory MPs and one Democratic Unionist Party backing the Bill.
However, Labour’s Derby North MP Chris Williamson, said: “We need to be generating decent jobs and getting the economy moving rather than resorting to this knee-jerk approach that Mr Mills is pursuing.”